Links between race and low birth weightsPosted on Jun 24, 2009
A recent article published in Injury Prevention found that low birth weight babies who were born to African American or Native American mothers were at a higher risk of serious problems.
The study analyzed infant birth and death data from the National Center for Health Statistics from 1989-1991 to look at any linkage between race and birth weight problems with babies.
The study found that very low birthweight babies were at an increased risk of both homicides and unintentional injuries within the first year of life. The research found that among 10.7 million births during 1989–91, 821 homicides and 2,397 unintentionaldeaths were reported in infants.
According to the article, mong the results they found was the fact that Mexican-American babies were at the lowest risk of homicides or unintentional injuries, but as the birth weight went down, the chances of homicides or unintentional injuries went up.
The article also states that relative to whites, African Americans were at highest risk for homicides and Native Americans at highest risk for unintentional injuries.
Researchers concluded the study in Injury Prevention by calling for more research and analysis of these risk factors and race effect. This new research could identify the risk factors with different race groups. This data might help researchers recommend prevention methods to help reduce the risk of homicides and unintentional injuries for low birth weight babies of many races.