There are recommendations for how parents should treat children's sports injuries from
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIAMS/National Institutes of Health.
The NIH recommends the RICE method of treating children's sports injuries:
- Rest: Reduce or stop using the injured area for at least 48 hours. If it is a leg injury, stay off of it completely.
- Ice: Put an ice pack on the injured area for 20 minutes at a time, 4 to 8 times per day. Use a cold pack, ice bag, or a plastic bag filled with crushed ice that has been wrapped in a towel.
- Compression: Ask your child's doctor about elastic wraps, air casts, special boots, or splints that can be used to compress an injured ankle, knee, or wrist to reduce swelling.
- Elevation: Keep the injured area elevated above the level of the heart to help decrease swelling. Use a pillow to help elevate an injured limb.
- Make sure kids are in appropriate physical condition to play organized sports
- Have children get a physical from a doctor before participating
- Make sure the coach uses the property safety equipment for each sport
- Teach children the proper rules for each sport
- Make sure children always warm up before playing
- Teach children how to wear the appropriate protective gear
- Make sure children are not playing when they are too tired
- Don't allow children to play sports during bad weather
- Make sure children get adequate water during play to keep hydrated
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons.
Other Useful Links
- Arthritis Foundation (AF): www.arthritis.org
- American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS ): www.aaos.org
- American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): www.aap.org
- American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM): www.amssm.org
- American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM): www.sportsmed.org
- National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA): www.nata.org
- American Physical Therapy Association (APTA): www.apta.org
- American College of Rheumatology: www.rheumatology.org
- National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS): www.nfhs.org
- National SAFE KIDS Campaign: www.safekids.org
- National Youth Sports Safety Foundation: www.nyssf.org